Turkey Gna Agreement

Turkey and the Tripoli-based Government of the National Agreement (GNA) signed the maritime agreement and a military cooperation agreement in November 2019. Erdogan also said earlier this week that his country had begun sending troops to Libya in a non-fighting-oriented capacity to support the GNA, in line with the military agreement signed between Ankara and the al-Sarraj government. Turkey is not a signatory to the 1982 UN agreement regulating maritime borders and recognises the Southern Republic of Cyprus and its agreements on an exclusive economic zone with Egypt, On 8 January 2020, in Cairo, the foreign ministers of France, Greece, Egypt and the Republic of Cyprus issued a joint statement declaring the agreement on maritime transport between Libya and Turkey "null and void" and "Full respect for the sovereign rights of all states" The Committee on Business and the Committee on Affairs and Legal Affairs The agreement between Libya and Turkey claims rights over an area of the eastern Mediterranean that straddles Greece`s territorial waters. Turkey and the GNA also signed an agreement last year on security cooperation and military cooperation. Earlier this year, Turkey sent troops, Syrian mercenaries and other military backers to help the GNA fend off an attack by Libya`s rival eastern-based National Army and fend off the deluge of the conflict. In a statement released on Wednesday by the foreign ministers of the four countries, the foreign ministers of the four countries declared the agreements "null and void" after a meeting in Cairo and said they undermined regional stability. In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement that designated an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries, during which inter in allia stated that the agreement provided for a partial delimitation of maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations. [19] The parliaments of both countries quickly ratified the agreement and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Journal. [20] Turkey dismissed the agreement between Greece and Egypt as "null and void," adding that Greece and Egypt had no common maritime border. [21] Erdogan recently said that Turkey and Libya could conduct joint exploration operations in the eastern Mediterranean under the agreement that grants Turkey exploration rights in a gas-rich area of the Mediterranean, where Greece, Cyprus and Egypt also have interests. This agreement effectively undermines the territorial sovereignty of EU member states and provides, at the request of the Libyan government for the national agreement, military support from Turkey. In Libya, the signing of the memorandum elicited different reactions: it was welcomed by the government`s supporters of the national agreement, but rejected by supporters of Khalifa Haftar and the Tobruk Parliament.

Ahmad Al Mismari, the official spokesman for Haftar`s forces, rejected the agreement and warned that "military force will be used to prevent any violation of Libyan sovereignty." [11] Members of the Tobruk Parliament expressed similar sentiments, while President Aguila Saleh Issa sent a letter to the UN GENERAL SECRETARy, Antonio Guterres, in which they called the agreement "null and void". Saleh called for the agreement to be ratified by the Tobruk parliament and "Libya and Turkey have no common maritime borders." [12] Turkey`s defense minister and military chief has signed a military agreement with battalions fighting on behalf of the National Agreement (GNA) government, which controls Tripoli on Friday to secure Ankara`s interests in Libya, sources confirmed. In October 2020, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres reached an agreement between Turkey and Libya on the delimitation of maritime areas in the Mediterranean. The agreement "was registered with the Secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the United Nations Charter," the