Boris Johnson`s Brexit Law is just one step away from the law after it has completed its passage through Parliament. After Prime Minister Boris Johnson and the Conservatives won 365 of the 650 seats in the House of Commons in the 12 December election, it was clear that the House of Representatives would quickly approve the withdrawal agreement, in fact approving the bill on 19 December, just after the debate on the Queen`s speech that opened the new Parliament, by 358 votes to 234 at second reading. On 9 January, it received its third and final reading, was approved by 330-231 votes and sent to the House of Lords. As a general rule, the British Parliament does not legislate on matters under the jurisdiction of the Scottish Parliament, Senedd Cymru or the Northern Ireland Assembly without the consent of the relevant body. This conception of the Constitution is sometimes called the Sewel Convention. Approval is made by a legislative approval motion. Below are the relevant information on the consent provided by decentralized legislators with respect to this bill, including in cases where the competent legislator has decided not to give its consent. As part of the English votes for English laws procedure, the spokesperson certifies bills or bills provisions that concern only England and/or England and Wales. With regard to financial accounts, the spokesperson may certify funding applications or clauses or timetables exclusively relating to England, Wales and Northern Ireland. (Similar information about the invoice itself is available in the explanatory notes- see above.).
In a flurry of legislative activities this week, the British House of Lords on Monday and Tuesday passed five amendments to the European Union Withdrawal Act (withdrawal agreement) passed by the House of Commons on 9 January; On Wednesday, the House of Commons rejected the five amendments and sent the bill back to the House of Lords; and yesterday, instead of participating in parliamentary ping-pong by passing one or more of the amendments a second time, the House of Lords approved the original bill without a vote and passed it. Shortly thereafter, the bill received royal approval and became the Withdrawal Agreement. It would have forced the government to commit to negotiating an agreement with the EU on refugee children – thereby hardening the promise of the existing law to make a declaration on the matter within two months. For example, the fewest days of session was taken for the Treaty of Nice, which took place in 11 session days – but there were 250 days between first reading and royal approval. The most controversial treaty – Maastricht – lasted 41 days of session and its overall review was well over a year. But the withdrawal agreement, which became law yesterday, contains a major change to the previous law, which will greatly complicate the work that is before the EU and the UK in negotiations on their future relations. The withdrawal agreement negotiated by the EU and the UK provides for a period after withdrawal during which the UK, although no longer a member of the EU, will remain in the EU internal market and the EU customs union.