2- An executive mechanism to activate the prisoner exchange agreement. Peter Salisbury, a senior Yemeni analyst at the International Crisis Group, said in a recent report: "Given the redeployment deadline that has just expired – they are expected to be completed by 8 January – speculation is growing that the deal could be on the verge of collapse. The Stockholm agreement is imperfect and imprecise, but it has been hard hit. If it is permissible to collapse, there will be no possibility of a similar agreement for a long time. He added: "Unlike most ceasefire agreements, this agreement did not contain technical details on the extent, nature or duration of the cessation of hostilities; Definition of offences; or mechanisms to quickly stop the fight when it starts. Salisbury said the loopholes in the deal left the Houthis free to hand over the ports to themselves. It is likely that a technical component under Cammaert`s leadership and a political aspect, under the leadership of Martin Griffiths, the UN special envoy, who forwarded the Stockholm agreement, will likely be both a technical component. Griffiths has sustained a punishing travel schedule as he meets with senior Huthi leaders, Yemeni government officials and coalition officials, extracting renewed commitments to the process. The United Nations must also redefine the agreed redeployment deadlines in Sweden, which were set at 21 days after the ceasefire was announced, meaning the deadline expired on 8 January. Even before the review of hostilities between the parties, this timetable was purely logistically unrealistic. It will probably be up to Griffiths to get the Houthis and the government to accept a timetable that recognizes the urgency of the task at hand, but gives Cammaert a decent amount of time to complete it.
To regain the lost momentum, the focus should for now be on an agreement on the real Houthi redeployments of the ports and on their implementation. All parties recognize that the ceasefire can only be successful if Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Iran act to contain their respective forces, which are deeply involved in the conflict. More broadly, the agreement is a de-escalation of what some call the cold war between Saudi Arabia and Iran in the Middle East. Much of this major regional conflict was conducted indirectly through proxy militias.