Penance Agreement Meaning

In the middle of the 2nd century, the Book of Visions, the pastor of Hermas, proposed the idea of reconciliation after baptism for the grave sins of waste, murder and adultery. [5] The "episcopate" (bishop) was the most important liturgical leader in a local community. [6] He explained that God had forgiven sins, when it was clear that there was penance, which was proved by the execution of a certain penance,[6] and that the penitent was brought back into the community. [3]:323, 325, 327 As reconciliation with the Church could only be granted once after baptism, baptism was often postponed to the end of her late life and reconciliation on the deathbed. [7] The need to confess a priest goes back to Basil the Great. Yet we have seen that God, not the priest, has granted forgiveness. Before the 4th century, confession and discipline of penance were a public matter, "because all sin is not only sinful against God, but against our neighbour, against the community." [8]140-41 In the time of Cyprien of Carthage, the confession itself was not public,[9]60-61, although the practice of public penance remained for grave sins. For a valid administration, one must have a dual power: the power of order and the power of competence. The first is conferred by ordination, the second by the ecclesiastical authority (see ecclesiastical jurisdiction). During his priestly ordination, a priest is given the power to ordain the Holy Eucharist and does not need jurisdiction for valid ordination. With regard to penance, the case is different: "Because the nature and character of a judgment requires that the sentence be imposed only against those who are subject (of the judge), the Church of God has always held, and this Council confirms that the absolution that a priest pronounces on a judgment of which he has no ordinary jurisdiction or delegate has no effect" (Council of Thirty Sess. Ordinary jurisdiction is the one that one has under one`s ministry, for it involves the care of souls; The Pope has it on the whole Church, the bishop in his diocese, the parish priest.

Delegated competence is that which has been granted by an ecclesiastical superior to a superior who, because of his duties, does not possess it.