ืกื“ื ืช ืื™ืžื•ืŸ ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ื•ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช

ืื™ืžื•ืŸ ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช

ืกื“ื ื” ื—ื•ื•ื™ืชื™ืช ื•ื“ื™ื ืืžื™ืช ื‘ืช 8-11 ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื, ื”ืžืฉืœื‘ืช ืื™ืžื•ืŸ, ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ื—ื™ืจื”, ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืœื“ืคื•ืกื™ื, ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ื•ืžื™ื™ื ื“ืคื•ืœื ืก.

*ืœื™ื•ื•ื™ ื”ืกื“ื ื” ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง ืคืจื˜ื™ืช. ื›ืš ืžืชืืคืฉืจืช ืชืžื™ื›ื” ืงื‘ื•ืฆืชื™ืช ื•ืื™ืฉื™ืช ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืืžืช.

ืงื”ืœ ื™ืขื“

ื”ืกื“ื ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื›ืœ ืื“ื ื”ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื”ืขืฆืžื” ืื™ืฉื™ืช, ืžื™ืžื•ืฉ ืขืฆืžื™, ื—ื™ื–ื•ืง ื”ื“ื™ืžื•ื™ ื•ื”ืขืจืš ื”ืขืฆืžื™, ื”ืฉื’ืช ืžื˜ืจื•ืช, ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื™ื—ืกื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื•ืขื•ื“.

ื”ืกื“ื ื” ืชืขื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ืขืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืขืจื•ืฆื™ื:

  1. ื”ืขืจื•ืฅ ื”ืื™ืžื•ื ื™: ื‘ืขืจื•ืฅ ื–ื” ื™ื™ื ืชื ื• ื›ืœื™ื ืคืจืงื˜ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉื’ืช ืžื˜ืจื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื. ื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื•ืช ื™ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื’ืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื›ืœ ื”ืกื“ื ื”. ื›ืœ ืžืฉืชืชืฃ ื™ืชื ืกื” ื’ื ื‘ืชืคืงื™ื“ ื”ืžืืžืŸ ื›ืš ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœืœื•ื•ืช ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ ืื™ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืขืฆืžื•.
  2. โ€ซืขืจื•ืฅโ€ช โ€ฌื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”โ€ช โ€ฌื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช: โ€ชโ€ฌื”ืจื—ื‘ืช ื”ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืชโ€ช โ€ฌืœืืžื•ื ื•ืชโ€ช โ€ฌื•ืœื“ืคื•ืกื™ืโ€ช โ€ฌืžื’ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื”ืžื ื”ืœื™ื ืืช ื—ื™ื™ื ื•. โ€ฌื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจโ€ช โ€ฌืœืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช โ€ฌืžืขืฆื™ืžื™ื โ€ซื•ืžื—ื–ืงื™ืโ€ช,โ€ฌโ€ฌ ื›ืš ืฉืชืชืืคืฉืจ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” โ€ฌื‘ืžืงื•ืโ€ช โ€ฌืชื’ื•ื‘ื”โ€ช โ€ฌืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ืช.
  3. ืขืจื•ืฅโ€ช โ€ฌื”ื”ืงืฉื‘ื”โ€ช โ€ฌื•ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืชโ€ช โ€ฌื‘ืจื’ืขโ€ช'-โ€ฌืžื™ื™ื ื“ืคืœื•ื ืกโ€ช โ€ฌืขื“ื™ืŸ': ื”ืชื ืกื•ืชโ€ช โ€ฌื‘ื”ืงืฉื‘ื” ืœืขืฆืžื™ ื•ืœืื—ืจ: ืชื—ื•ืฉื•ืช, ืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื•ืจื’ืฉื•ืช. ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ืžื™ืœื•ืœื™ืช/ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืžื™ืœื•ืœื™ืช.

ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืžืกืคืจ ืจืžื•ืช/ ืขืจื•ืฆื™ื, ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ื•ืžืืคืฉืจืช ื˜ืจื ืกืคื•ืจืžืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ื“ืคื•ืกื™ื ื•ืืžื•ื ื•ืช ืžื’ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ื•ืื™ื ื˜ื’ืจืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ื‘ื ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ.

ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืกื“ื ื” ื‘ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ื

ื”ืกื“ื ื” ื ื•ืชื ืช ื›ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืขื ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืžื–ืžื ื™ื ืœื ื• ื•ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื ื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื—ื™ื™ื ื•, ืœืœืžื•ื“ ื•ืœื”ืชืคืชื— ืžื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืžื’ื™ืข ืœืคืชื—ื ื•. ื›ืš ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืžืฆื‘ื™ื 'ืžืžื•ื—ื–ืจื™ื' ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื•, ื›ืืœื” ืฉื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ืฉื”ื ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืœืœืžื“ ืื•ืชื ื• ื•ืœื”ื™ืคืจื“ ืžื”ื ืœืชืžื™ื“.

ืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ื“ื™ืžื•ื™ ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื”ืขืฆืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœื›ื ืœืฉืื•ืฃ ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ื‘ืงืจื™ื™ืจื” ื•ื‘ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื›ื.

ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืกื“ื ื” ื•ืœืื—ืจื™ื” ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืจืื•ืช ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ืžื”ื•ืชื™ ื‘ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ื”ื•ืจื•ืช, ื‘ื–ื•ื’ื™ื•ืช, ื‘ืงืจื™ื™ืจื” ื•ื‘ืžืขื’ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื–ืืช ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ืฉืœื›ื ืขื ื”ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ื”ืžืคืขื™ืœื™ื ืืชื›ื ื•ืืช ื”ื–ื•ืœืช.

ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ื‘ื•ื ื” ื•ืžืงื“ืžืช ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืฆืžืฆื•ื ื”ืขื™ืžื•ืชื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืื—ืจ ื•ืœื—ื™ื–ื•ืง ื”ืงืฉืจื™ื.

ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืžืžื” ืฉืžื•ื ืข ืžื›ื ืœื”ืชืงื“ื ื•ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืืช ืžื” ืฉืจืฆื™ืชื ื•ื›ืœื™ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืฉื•ื›ื” ื•ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื”.

ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืžืฉืื‘ ื•ืœื”ืขืฆื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ืชืžื ืข ื‘ื–ื‘ื•ื– ื–ืžืŸ ื•ืื ืจื’ื™ื” ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจืช ืขืฆืžื™ืช, ืฉื™ืคื•ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืžื—ืœื™ืฉื” ื•ืจื—ืžื™ื ืขืฆืžื™ื™ื ื•ืชืืคืฉืจ ืœื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืœื”ืชื‘ื˜ื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื›ื.

ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื”ืื™ืžื•ื ื™ืช ืชืืคืฉืจ ืœื›ื ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืžื•ืงื“ืช ื•ืืคืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืื™ืชื” ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืชืงื“ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืืช ืžื˜ืจื•ืชื™ื›ื.

ื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื—ื™ื™ื›ื ืžืชื ื”ืœ ืžืชื•ืš ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜. ื‘ืกื“ื ื” ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ื•ื ืœืžื“ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœืคืขื•ืœ ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ื—ื™ืจื”.

ื“ืžื™ื™ืŸ ืœืขืฆืžืš ืฉืืชื” ื—ื•ื•ื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื:

ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ืกื™ืคื•ืง. ื”ืจื’ืฉื” ืฉืืชื” ืžื’ืฉื™ื ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืขื•ื“ ืฉืœืš. ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ืฉืืชื” ื”ื•ืœืš ื‘ื“ืจืš ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจืš.

ืงื ื‘ื‘ื•ืงืจ ืขื ื—ื™ื•ืš, ืขื ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืขื ืื”ื‘ื” ืœืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ืš ื•ืœืขืฆืžืš.

ื—ื™ ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืื™ืฉื™ืช ื•ืœื ืžืชื•ืš ื—ื•ืกืจ ื‘ืจื™ืจื”.

ืžื˜ืจื•ืช ื”ืกื“ื ื”

ืžืชืŸ ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ืžืขื•ืœื ื”ืื™ืžื•ืŸ ืœื”ืฉื’ืช ืžื˜ืจื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื. ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื”ืžื ื™ืขื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ืช ื•ืคื•ื’ืขื™ื ื‘ื ื•. ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ื™ื ื•ืœืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ื—ื™ืจื”.

ื”ืกื“ื ื” ืžืจื—ื™ื‘ื” ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืชืคื™ืกืช ื”ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื›ืš ืžืชืืคืฉืจืช ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ื•ืžื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื•ืžืงื“ืžืช ื‘ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื™ื—ืกื™ื, ื—ื™ื‘ื•ืจ ืœืขืฆืžื ื• ื•ืœืขืจืš ื”ืขืฆืžื™ ืฉืœื ื•, ื’ืžื™ืฉื•ืช ืžื—ืฉื‘ืชื™ืช ื•ื‘ื’ืจื•ืช.

ื”ืกื“ื ื” ืžื”ื ื”, ืžืขืฆื™ืžื”, ืžืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื•ืžื’ื‘ืฉืช.